Will Bateman
Associate Dean (Research)
PhD , LLM (Hons) (University of Cambridge), BA/LLB (Hons) (Australian National University)

Dr Bateman leads multi-jurisdictional projects on the legal regulation of public and private finance, with a special focus on central banking, sovereign debt markets, digital currencies and sustainable investing. His recent engagements with central banks and financial regulators include:

  • UK Parliament, House of Lords Inquiry into Quantitative Easing, expert evidence provided, recommendations adopted in final report (2021)
  • Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 'Legal Aspects of Central Bank Money Creation' (2020)
  • Bank of England, 'Quantitative Easing, Reserve Creation and Digital Currency' (2020)

Dr Bateman also leads research projects on the regulation of artificial intelligence in collaboration with computer science experts and public/private sector organisations. Select law/tech partners include:

  • Minderoo Foundation (global philanthropic organisation)
  • Gradient Institute (ethical AI research institute)
  • Humanising Machine Intelligence (ANU multi-disciplinary research project)


  • Associate Dean (Research), ANU College of Law (2021->)
  • Chief Investigator, Humanising Machine Intelligence (ANU Grand Challenge Project) (2020->)
  • Fellow, Gradient Institute (peak ethical-AI research body headquartered in Sydney) (2020->)
  • Legal practitioner (admitted to practice in NSW and Federal Courts) (2009->)

Significant research publications

Research biography

Dr Bateman researches and writes on legal dimensions of finance, artificial intelligence and constitutionalism.

His research has been awarded numerous prizes, including the 2020 Yorke Prize by the University of Cambridge for his work on public finance and constitutionalism.

Research projects & collaborations

Dr Bateman is working on a broad-range of interdisciplinary projects with international and domestic scholars.

Law and finance

Dr Bateman was recently a Co-Investigator on the "Legal and Economic Conceptions of Money" project funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (UK)'s "Rebuilding Macroeconomics" Initiative. The team is led by Prof Rosa Lastra (QMUL) and the other team members are Dr Jason Allen (HU Berlin), Mr Simon Gleeson (Clifford Chance), Dr Michael Kumhoff (Bank of England), Prof Saule Omarova (Cornell):

Dr Bateman has recently concluded a major research project on the constitutional dimensions of public finance in the UK, Canada, Australia and elsewhere in the Anglophone Commonwealth. His book, Public Finance and Parliamentary Constitutionalism (Cambridge University Press, UK) presents the findings of that project.

Dr Bateman is also a Team Member of the multi-disciplinary project "FA Mann and his contribution to English, German, European, and International Law" funded by the German Research Foundation.

Artificial intelligence and law

During 2020-24, Dr Bateman is a Chief Investigator on the ANU Grand Challenge Humanising Machine Intelligence: a multi-year interdiscplinary research project (including computer scientists, mathematicians, philosophers, sociologists, psychologists and lawyers) aimed at developing democratically legitimate machine intelligence.

Over 2020-21, he was co-leading (with Associate Professor Julia Powles, University of Western Australia) the first major project to formulate model legal frameworks for the regulation of artificial intelligence in the public sector. The project was funded by the global-philanthropy and research funding body, The Minderoo Foundation.

Dr Bateman is also collaborating with computer science experts in designing ethical and lawful algorithmic decision systems, particularly the peak Australian non-profit AI research organisation: The Gradient Institute.



Dr Bateman has been retained as an independent expert by government agencies on issues relating to the legal regulation of automation and artificial intelligence.

Dr Bateman has also provided legal and policy advice on complex administrative and constitutional law matters, as well as issues concerning public finance and the operations of central banks.

Books & edited collections

Refereed journal articles

Book chapters

  • 'Constitutional Dimensions of Monetary Authority under the Gold Standard and Bretton Woods' in Jason Allen, & Gerhard Dannemann (eds), F.A. Mann: The Lawyer and his Legacy (Oxford University Press, 2023, in press), 1-32.
  • 'La dette souveraine, les banques centrales et le droit des finances publiques dans la tradition de Westminster' in Alexandre Guigue (dir.), Les finances publiques des pays anglo-saxons (Mare et Martin, Paris, 2023), 1-11.
  • 'Coding Legal Norms' in Mark Findlay, et al (eds), Regulatory Insights on Artificial Intelligence: Research for Policy (Edward Elgar, 2022), 132-149.
  • 'Rule by Financial Assembly' in John Griffiths and James Stellios (eds), Current Issues in Australian Constitutional Law: Tributes to Professor Leslie Zines (The Federation Press, Australia, 2020), 56-63.
  • 'Comparative Constitutional Law' in Adrienne Stone and Cheryl Saunders (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Australian Constitution (2018, Oxford University Press) (with S Gageler), 1-18.

Conference papers & presentations

  • ‘European Exceptionalism: the Fiscal Functions of the Eurosystem in Comparative Perspective’, University of Luxembourg: Ditching the Maastrict Model Conference, Luxembourg, 24-25 November 2022 (funded by the University of Luxembourg)
  • ‘Digitised Commerce, Continuous Market-Monitoring and Economic Regulation’, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Canberra, 19 August 2022
  • ‘The Fiscal Fed’, Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung: Central Banking and its Discontents Conference, Berlin, 11-13 July 2022 (Distinguished Symposia Speaker, funded by the German Research Foundation)
  • ‘The Fiscal Fed’, University of Amsterdam: Democratic Central Banking: Danger or Salvation Conference, Amsterdam, 7-8 July 2022 (funded by the Amsterdam Centre for European Studies)
  • 'Doctrine, Legislation and AI' Commonwealth Attorney-General’s Department, AGD-ANU Law-Tech Seminar Series, Canberra, 23 February 2022
  • ‘Liberal Constitutionalism: Before, During and After the Zero Lower Bound’, Australian National University: Public Law and Inequality Conference, 17 January 2022
  • ‘Monetary Finance as Economic Policy Taboo’, KU Leuven and University of Amsterdam: Central Banking Beyond Price Stability Conference, 14 January 2022
  • ‘Economic Governance in an Age of Digital Money’, University of New South Wales: Money, Power and Artificial Intelligence Conference, 29 November 2021
  • 'Automated Administrative Decision-Making', Australian Institute of Administrative Law, 'Administrative Law: On the Edge Conference' (Keynote Presentation) 22 July 2021
  • ‘Cognition, Legal Responsibility and Algorithmic Decision-Making’, Monash University, 3 July 2020
  • 'Pandemic Easing as Sovereign Finance', Politics of Economics Forum, University of Cambridge Centre for Research in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, 26 May 2020
  • 'Quantitative Easing, Reserve Creation and Digital Currency', Bank of England, London, 28 January 2020.
  • 'Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 'Legal Aspects of Central Bank Money Creation', Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 20 January 2020.
  • 'Monetary Authority and Liberal Constitutionalism', Intersections of Finance and Society, London, 13 December 2019.
  • 'Legal Implications of Public Sector Automation and Artificial Intelligence', Attorney-General's Artificial Intelligence Lecture Series, Canberra, September 2019.
  • 'Artificial Intelligence, Administrative Law and Financial Regulation', Supreme Court of New South Wales Annual Conference, Bowral, August 2019.
  • 'Algorithmic Decision-Making and Administrative Law', Commonwealth Ombudsman, Canberra, July 2019.

Government submissions

  • Expert evidence provided to the UK Parliament, House of Lords Inquiry into Quantitative Easing: recommendations in written evidence adopted in final report, April - July 2021
  • Expert advice provided to NSW Ombudsman, The New Machinery of Government: Using Machine Technology in Administrative Decision-Making, A Special Report under s 31 of the Ombudsman Act, November 2021
  • Submission to the Australian Attorney-General's Department, Review of the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) (with Prof Seth Lazar (ANU), Prof Kimberlee Weatherall (U Syd), Dr Damian Clifford (ANU)), December 2020
  • Submission to Australian Human Rights Commission, Technology and Human Rights: Discussion Paper (with Dr Julia Powles, UWA), April 2020


Currently supervising

  • Benjamin Ettinger
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

    Topic: Legal Method, Cartels and Public Monopolies: A View From the High Court 1908 - 1948

PhD supervision

Dr Bateman is keen to supervise research students in his areas of research interest: particularly projects orientated towards critical and inter-disciplinary approaches to law and economics/finance/technology/public administration.

Prospective research students are advised to email Dr Bateman directly with a proposed title, provisional bibliography and CV.

Honours thesis supervision

Dr Bateman usually takes two LLB/JD honours students each year and will supervise projects in administrative law, constitutional law, law and economics/finance and law and technology. Students are advised to contact Dr Bateman with a formal proposal, provisional bibliography and writing timetable (at least) 8 months in advance of their proposed start date.

Professor Will Bateman FAAL

Research themes

Constitutional Law and Theory
Law and Technology
Regulatory Law and Policy

ANU College of Law, Bld 6, Fellows Rd, Acton ACT 2600