Likim is a PhD candidate and Tutor at the ANU College of Law, Australian National University, teaching in the areas of legal theory, critical legal theory and human rights law. Her research is supported by the Australian Government Research Training Program. She obtained a Masters in International and Comparative Law at the University of Helsinki where her thesis was accepted with Exceptional Praise (2013). Prior to commencing at the Australian National University, Likim worked as a Judge's Associate at the Federal Circuit Court of Australia assisting Judge Street and Judge Driver to judicially review protection visa matters. She also has practical experience in the field at the Refugee Advisory & Casework Service where she was involved in organising legal advice clinics. Previously, she has worked as a legal intern in international criminal law at the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in Tanzania and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon in The Hague. Her primary research area focuses on critical legal theory approaches to refugee law, particularly the intersection between refugee law and international criminal law namely the Exclusion Clause of the Refugee Convention.
2018 Minority Research Profile and Human Rights Institute Visiting Fellow, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Please note, only a small selection of recent publications and activities are listed below.
2018 Åbo Akademi University Research Mobility Programme Grant
2017 Australian National University Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship
2012 University of Helsinki Mobility Grant
Books & edited collections
Ng, Likim: 'The transfer cases of the ICTR to the Republic of Rwanda: The challenges of implementing Rule11bis'. Listed in United Nations Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) Special Bibliography. MICT Library: 2015.
Conference papers & presentations
'Securitising the asylum procedure through the application of the exclusion clause', Institute for Human Rights Research Seminar (Åbo Akademi University, Finland, May 2018).
'Securitisation Of Refugees: A Discourse Analysis Of The Exclusion Clause', International Interdisciplinary Conference on Minority Studies with Women and Gender Studies Conference (Eastern Mediterranean Academic Research Center, Istanbul, November 2017).
ANU Higher Degree Research Forum Steering Committee
2017 Critical Legal Theory LAWS4288
2017 International Law and Human Rights LAWS4225
2017 Legal Theory LAWS2249
Under the Refugee Convention, states can exclude asylum seekers from refugee status if they have committed international crimes. My PhD topic looks at how Article 1F otherwise known as the exclusion clause has the potential to take on the burden of a national security provision from other articles of the Refugee Convention. Unlike its intention to exclude those undeserving of international protection, the exclusion clause expands the intention of the article to exclude refugees for the purposes of national security reasons. In the securitisation process, a state of emergency is enacted where it is necessary to suspend law by going above the normal rules and realms of governing.
By analysing cases selected for their theoretical relevance, my project looks at how asylum seekers are presented as securitised by decision makers. For example, excluded asylum seekers are not granted an adequate fair trial process determining whether the international crime has been committed. Consequentially, from the lens of Agamben, the exceptional nature of the exclusion clause becomes the norm where other refugees also become increasingly excluded from the political community. They are unable to access rights such as being subjected to indefinite detention. We see this treatment also applied to 'genuine' refugees who have had an adverse security assessment made against them.