Carol Lawson

PhD Candidate
BA (Asian Studies) / LLB (ANU), GDLP (ANU), MA in Advanced Japanese with Distinction (Sheffield, UK), LLM in Asian and Comparative Law (UNSW)
+61 2 6125 1405
+61 425 459 204 (Australia) +81 80 2636 5625 (Japan)
Room 233

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Biography

Carol's career in Japanese law and language over the past 15 years has focussed on contributing to global access to and comparative insights into Asian law. Her teaching work has focussed on equipping an emerging generation of Asian and Australian lawyers with comparative and practical legal skills, while also bringing large-scale Japanese public legal translation projects to fruition. Her doctoral research is a comparative empirical study of the effectiveness of 'soft' civil oversight systems in prisons in Japan and the Australian Capital Territory, in light of European standards for the monitoring of closed environments. The study has implications for how we understand the development, complexity and effectiveness of mechanisms for controlling risk-laden government activity in the Asia-Pacific region.

Appointments

  • 2012-2014 Adjunct Associate Professor, Nagoya University Leading Graduate Schools Program in Cross-Border Legal Institution Design
  • 2010-2011 Visiting Lecturer, Nagoya University LLM Program in Comparative Law and Political Science
  • 2008-2009 Executive Coordinator, Australian Network for Japanese Law (ANJeL)
  • 2004-2008 Sessional Academic, University of New South Wales Japanese Law in the LLM Program
  • 2004-2014 Sessional Academic, University of Queensland Masters in Japanese Interpreting and Translation
  • 2001-2014 Principal, Legal Communications Japan
  • 1988-1990 Deputy Registrar, High Court of Australia

Professional Memberships

  • Law and Society
  • Asian Law and Society Association
  • Japanese Association of Sociology of Law
  • Roppongi Bar Association, Japan
  • Foreign Women Lawyer's Association
  • Japan Association for Language and Law
  • Japan Association of Translators
  • Clarity - International Association for the Promotion of Plain Legal Language

Awards

Year Title
2016 Endeavour Research Fellowship

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2016 Howard League for Penal Reform Justice and Penal Reform Conference: Reshaping the Penal Landscape - Runner-Up Prize for Best PhD Paper

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2015 Australian Postgraduate Award

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2010 Fellow, Japan Legal Information Institute

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2010 Visiting Research Fellow, Nagoya University Centre for Asian Legal Exchange

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2007 Team Award for Enhancement of Student Learning - Flexible Learning and Teaching, University of Queensland

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2006 Akira Kawamura / ANJeL Prize for Best Performance in Japanese Law

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2005 Blake Dawson Waldron Prize for Best Research Essay on Japanese Law

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2004 Australian Network for Japanese Law Prize for Best Performance in Japanese Law

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Significant research publications

  • (2016, forthcoming), "Satoshi Tomiyama, Director-General for the Correction Bureau, Japan", in Dilip K. Das, Martha Henderson Hurley and Mark Nolan (eds.), Trends in Corrections: Interviews with Corrections Leaders Around the World, Vol. 3, CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, (Boca Raton).
  • (2015), "Reforming Japanese Corrections: Catalysts and Conundrums" in L. Wolff and Ors (eds.), Who Rules Japan? Popular Participation in Japan's Legal Process, Edward Elgar (Cheltenham and Northampton, MA), pp. 128-163, (available as an individual chapter at www.elgaronline.com).
  • (2015), "Does Imprisonment Work?", Legaldate: Criminal Law, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 9-11.
  • (2014), わかりやすい語法による英文就業規則の作り方 Drafting Work Rules in Plain Legal English, with Tetsuro Kurata, Nihon Horei, (Tokyo), 264 pp, (available at www.amazon.co.jp).
  • (2007), "Found in Translation: The 'Transparency of Japanese Law' Project in Context", Journal of Japanese Law, Vol. 12, No. 24, pp. 187-199, (available at https://sydney.edu.au/law/anjel/content/anjel_research_pap.html).
  • (2006), "Japan's New Privacy Law in Context", University of New South Wales Law Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 88-113, (available at www.unswlawjournal.unsw.edu.au/issue/volume-29-no-2).

 

In the Media

Please note, only a small selection of recent publications and activities are listed below.

Research biography

Carol's career in Japanese law and language over the past 15 years has focussed on teaching in the Asian and comparative law context to equip an emerging generation of South East and Central Asian lawyers, and bringing large-scale public legal translation projects to fruition to open the world of Japanese law to the international community.

Her doctoral research capitalises on the analytical, negotiating and linguistic skills developed in her earlier career to conduct ground-breaking comparative empirical research into the effectiveness of a function essential to the rule of law in all modern democracies - the civil oversight of risk-laden government activity. Specifically, her study compares a civil oversight mechanism developed in an East Asian context with a similar mechanism developed in Australia, against the backdrop of European standards for the civil oversight of closed environments. The study aims to shed light on both complexity and diversity in the manner in which democratic governments in the Asia-Pacific region are held accountable through civil oversight.

 

   

 

Research projects & collaborations

(2016-2018), Collaborator in Australian aspects of Japanese joint research project also covering New Zealand, Australia and California, 高齢犯罪者の自己像の認識と、これらの再社会科への挑戦に関する実証的研究、[Elderly Prisoners' Self-Recognition and the Challenge of Reintegration into Society], with Yoko Hosoi (Toyo University, Japan), John Pratt (Victoria University, NZ), Takeshi Koyanagi (Tokiwa University, Japan), Kaoru Watanabe (Toyo University, Japan).

Books & edited collections

(2014), わかりやすい語法による英文就業規則の作り方 Drafting Work Rules in Plain Legal English, with Tetsuro Kurata, Nihon Horei, (Tokyo), 264 pp, (available at www.amazon.co.jp).

Book chapters

(2016, forthcoming), "Satoshi Tomiyama, Director-General for the Correction Bureau, Japan", in Dilip K. Das, Martha Henderson Hurley and Mark Nolan (eds.), Trends in Corrections: Interviews with Corrections Leaders Around the World, Vol. 3, CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, (Boca Raton).

(2015), "Reforming Japanese Corrections: Catalysts and Conundrums" in L. Wolff and Ors (eds.), Who Rules Japan? Popular Participation in Japan's Legal Process, Edward Elgar (Cheltenham and Northampton, MA), pp. 128-163, (available as an individual chapter at www.elgaronline.com).

Refereed journal articles

  • (2106, forthcoming), "A 'Genuine Profession' of Legal Translators for Japan: Broader Horizons at Last", Language and Law: The Journal of the Japan Association for Language and Law 法と言語, No. 3.
  • (2007), "Found in Translation: The 'Transparency of Japanese Law' Project in Context", Journal of Japanese Law, Vol. 12, No. 24, pp. 187-199, (available at https://sydney.edu.au/law/anjel/content/anjel_research_pap.html).
  • (2006), "Japan's New Privacy Law in Context", University of New South Wales Law Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 88-113, (available at www.unswlawjournal.unsw.edu.au/issue/volume-29-no-2).
  • (2002) “‘Perceptions of the Current State of the Japanese Legal System’: Interview with Koji Sato, Chairman of Japan’s Judicial Reform Council”, with Simon Thornley, Australian Journal of Asian Law, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 76-91.

Conference papers & presentations

  • Sep 2016, "Defining and Advancing Civil Oversight in Japan - the Case of Japanese Prisons" Inaugural Asian Law and Society Association Conference, Singapore.
  • Mar 2016, "Re-shaping the Japanese Penal Landscape - is Soft Civil Oversight Enough?", The Howard League for Penal Reform Justice and Penal Reform Conference: Re-shaping the Penal Landscape, Oxford.
  • Dec 2015, "Civil Oversight: One Size Fits All? Insights from Prison Visitors in Japan and the ACT", Law and Society Australia and New Zealand Inside Out Conference, Adelaide.
  • Aug 2014, “Prospects for a ‘Genuine Profession’ of Legal Translators: Paving the Way for the Global Sharing of Japanese Legal Ideas”, 14th International European Association of Japanese Studies Conference, Ljubljana.
  • May 2014, “Reforming Japanese Corrections: Catalysts and Conundrums”, 50th Law and Society Annual Meeting, Minneapolis.
  • Oct 2011, “Translating Employment Rules 101”, JATLAW Workshop, Japan Association of Translators, Tokyo.

Committees

  • 2011-2015 Member, Japanese Examiner Panel, National Association for the Accreditation of Translators and Interpreter (NAATI).
  • 2010-2016 Chair, JATLAW Steering Committee, Japan Association of Translators.

Previous courses

Past courses

Summer 2016  LAWS4226   International Law & Arbitration Moot Competition in Japan

How my works connects with public policy

Carol's doctoral research has relevance for the design and implementation of civil oversight or monitoring systems for not only prisons, but other 'closed environments', including juvenile and immigration detention facilities and aged and disability care facilities. Her comparative study involves civil prison oversight regimes in both common law and civil law jurisdictions. These regimes range from the relatively intrusive models found in the UK to the softer, more collaborative models found in Japan and the ACT. Her work aims to elucidate those civil oversight features more likely to maximise the benefits for both prison inmates and correctional staff, and contribute to robust citizen participation in the rule of law, particularly in the East Asian context.

Topic

The Rule of Law, Civil Oversight and Japanese Prisons

Program

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Primary supervisor

Updated:  10 August 2015/Responsible Officer:  College General Manager, ANU College of Law/Page Contact:  Law Marketing Team