Andrew McDonald is the chair of the UK disability charity, Scope. He writes on public policy; history; and illness and disability. He spent 28 years in the UK civil service, working across government. From 2003-05 he ran the radical constitutional reform programme of the Labour administration. His final executive role was to establish and run the regulator of parliamentary expenses, pay and pensions, the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (2009-14). He has degrees from Oxford and Bristol and has held fellowships at Nuffield College, Oxford, at the ANU and at the University of California, Berkeley.