Peace amongst public and private players

Date & time

11am–12pm Thursday 1 March 2018


Dialogue Room

Attorney-General's Department, 4 National Circuit, Barton


Judith Levine, Senior Legal Counsel Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Hague
Chaired by: Jesse Clarke, Assistant Secretary Office of International Law Attorney-General’s Department


For interstate visitors, we offer suggestions for accommodation near ANU.


Nicole Harman

Presented by Attorney-General’s Department In association with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the Centre for International and Public Law.

CIPL Monthly Seminar
Judith Levine

The Work of the Permanent Court of Arbitration

The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is an intergovernmental organization established by treaty in 1899 to facilitate the resolution of disputes between states without recourse to war. Over the course of the 20th century, the PCA’s mandate evolved to handle disputes involving a mix of private and public parties. Its docket today includes state to state disputes, over 80 cases between foreign investors and host states under bilateral and multilateral investment treaties, and around 50 cases under a variety of agreements involving individuals, companies, state-owned enterprises, States and IGOs.

PCA Senior Legal Counsel, Judith Levine, will reflect on some of the key developments in this evolution, including the boom in investment treaty arbitrations, the first intra-State arbitration (Abyei); the first UNCLOS arbitrations involving non-participating respondents and non-party participants (Arctic Sunrise and South China Sea); the first conciliation under UNCLOS (Timor Sea); the first publicly known business and human rights arbitrations (Bangladesh Accord); and a growing number of disputes stemming from the global threat of climate change. In the context of this recent PCA experience, she will reflect on how arbitration is adapting to address expectations of efficiency and legitimacy.


  • Judith Levine »

    Judith Levine is Senior Legal Counsel at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague. Recently Judith served as the Registrar in the South China Sea arbitration and she has assisted tribunals in some of the world’s largest and most complex investor-state and contract cases, including the multi-billion dollar Yukos claim against the Russian Federation and arbitrations brought by trade unions against fashion companies under the innovative Bangladesh Accord.

    Judith has represented the PCA at UN climate change conferences and in 2011-2012 was the PCA Representative in Mauritius. Prior to
    joining the PCA, Judith’s overseas experience included 5 years as an attorney in New York and a one year clerkship at the ICJ; and in Australia she served as an associate at the High Court, a lecturer at UNSW and assistant adviser to the Attorney-General.

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